What is Glaucoma
Glaucoma is the most serious eyesight threatening condition. It usually manifests as a painless, gradual loss of vision. The lost vision can never be recovered. However, medical or surgical treatment can prevent or retard further loss of vision.
Do Not Confuse Glaucoma with a Cataract
Many times it can be confused with a cataract which also manifests as a painless, gradual loss of vision. The difference is that in the case of cataract, the loss of vision is fully recoverable using a simple surgery called Phaco.
Our eyes contain a clear fluid called aqueous humor, which is continuously produced in the eye to bath and nourish the structures inside it. The fluid normally drains out of the eye through drainage canals in a fine meshwork located around the edge of the iris (the colored part of the eye that surrounds the pupil). In people with glaucoma, the fluid fails to drain due to some defect and thus increases the pressure inside the eyes called raised Intraocular Pressure (IOP) (or Tension).
Who is at a Risk for Glaucoma?
Anyone can develop glaucoma. Some people are at higher risk than others. They include:-
- Everyone over the age of 40 yrs.
- People with family history of glaucoma.
- People with near sightedness (Myopia) for open angle type and far sightedness (hyperopia) for close angle type
- People with Hypertension
- People with Migraines
Glaucoma Care Facility At DMC Hospital Jalandhar
- Complete eye examination including Intra-Ocular pressure
- Gonioscopy (Study of the angle of the eyes)
- Automated Perimetry
- Retinal Nerve Fibre Ananlysis by OCT.
- Pachymetry (Corneal thickness)
- DMC Hospital Jalandhar provides Glaucoma services for complete diagnosis and treatment.
Most patients with glaucoma require only medication to control eye pressure. Surgery (Trabeculoplasty with or without Mitomycin C) is indicated when medical treatment fails to lower the pressure satisfactorily is also available at DMC Hospital Eye Care Centre.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
- Sudden decrease of vision
- Extreme Eye pain, headache, nausea, vomiting
- Glare and light sensitivity
Risks of Glaucoma
- People with family history of Glaucoma
- People over 40 years of age
- People suffering from diabetes